The standard VAT rate is 20%
VAT rates for goods and services
|Rate||% of VAT||What the rate applies to|
|Standard||20%||Most goods and services|
|Reduced rate||5%||Some goods and services, eg children’s car seats and home energy|
|Zero rate||0%||Zero-rated goods and services, eg most food and children’s clothes|
The standard rate of VAT increased from 17.5 per cent to 20 per cent on 4 January 2011.
Some things are exempt from VAT (eg postage stamps, financial and property transactions).
The VAT rate businesses charge depends on their goods and services.
Check the rates of VAT on different goods and services.